The city of Tianshui was for centuries an important town on the Silk Road, being the first stop in Gansu for travelers and merchants to various parts of northwestern China and beyond. It was many centuries before this, however, that the town found its fame, deemed as the birthplace of the legendary emperor Fuxi. Today throngs of people still flock to the Fuxi Temple, in the western section of the city, to commemorate him. Recent years have witnessed the rapid industrialization of the city.
The city is now rather strangely divided, by 20 kilometers, into two sections: the slightly more up-market-eastern section, Qincheng, and the uglier western section of Beidao. Qincheng is the main area of the city, has the best hotels, all of the local sights Beidao, however, it is where you will arrive first if you travel to the city by train, and it is the best area for getting to Tianshui's best attraction by far, the Maijishan Grottoes.
The Maji Mountain (Wheat-stack Mountain) is a beautifully serene area of wooded slopes, ancient Buddhist grottoes, large statues The Mountain is situated some 30 kilometers on a winding road southeast from the town, and is among the four largest Buddhist cave complexes in China with an existing total of a stunning 194 grottoes.